EHRENBERG, Herman, Ariz. Pioneer; b. ? Oct. 1866; left his native country (Germany) at an early age, landed in N. Y. when Texas War broke out; enlisted in New Orleans Grays, present at battle of Goliad, witnessing Fanning’s defeat; one of few who survived barbarous massacre of prisoners who surrendered to the Mex. Authorities. Returned to Germany at close of Texas War, interesting a large number of Germans in the new country, especially the State of Texas, many of them settling there. Joined a party at St. Louis 1840 on a transcontinental trip to Oregon; traveled to Sandwich Islands, Polynesia, a few yrs., returned to Calif.; joined Col. Fremont in efforts to free Calif. From Mex. Rule; with perfection of Gadsden Purchase his restless ambitions were directed to Ariz., the history of which Territory he was closely identified to the time of his death; appt’d. topographical, and mining engineer and surveyor of Sonora Exploring and Mining Co.; actively engaged in operation of Cerro Colorado and other mines for no. of yrs.; Ehrenberg’s map of Gadsden Purchase, although the 1st. accredited as being one of the best at time of Territory of Ariz.; one of earliest settlers at La Paz, attracted by the rush of miners to the Colorado River in 1862-63, where he resided at the time of his death; took an active part in developing Picacho Mine near La Paz; was also interested in Harcuvar Copper Mines, afterward known as Yuma Copper Co., on direct road from La Paz to Weaver, to which road the miners gave his name in 1864; Indian Agent for the Mohaves on the Colo. Reservation. Was ambushed and shot at Dos Palmas, Calif., on rd. from San Bernardino to La Paz, Oct. 1866; by parties unknown, presumably Indians.